“Peace is a dream, it can become a reality… but to build it we must be capable of dreaming” – Nelson Mandela
Intercultural hostility and the exploitation of resources on the African continent have triggered a succession of armed conflicts resulting in millions of innocent lives lost and refugees seeking hope in a better life elsewhere. Communities annihilated. Villages and cities torn to the ground. Nations in chaos.
Remembering the victims through the universal value of peace can help to lay the foundation for the creation of an inclusive and cohesive society. Contemplation, memory, and compassion are the values that commemorative architecture must convey in order to build a better world.
The internationally jury is composed by Kengo Kuma, T. Hirano (Università di Tokyo), A. Ghirardelli (SBGA), Urko Sanchez (Urko Sanchez Architects), Diana Lopez Caramazana (UN-Habitat Nairobi), Jean Paul Sebuhayi Uwase & Noella Nibakuze (Mass Group Design). The scientific committee is composed by S. D’Urso (Università di Catania), R. Vecchio (Balouo Salo) and Moussa Souane (CCAI Sedhio)
Early registration – from 18th January to 11st February 2019
Normal registration – from 12nd February to 10th March 2019
Late registration – from 05th March to 31st April, 2019
Submission deadline – 18th April 2019
Winners announced – 4th May 2019
1st Place: € 4,000 + Internship at Kengo Kuma Associates at Tokyo Office+ Construction
2nd Place: € 1,000 + Publication + Exhibition + Certificate
3rd Place: € 500 + Publication + Exhibition + Certificate
2 honorable mentions: € 150 + Publication + Exhibition + Certificate
5 mentions: Publication + Exhibition + Certificate
20 finalists: Publication + Exhibition + Certificate
All awarded projects will be published in the competition’s official book and on its website, transmitted to architectural websites and other architectural contexts, and displayed at architectural events.
Project site: Sedhiou
The Casamance region, to the south of Senegal, is named for the Casamance River, which cuts across the administrative regions of Ziguinchor, Kolda, and Sedhiou. The capital of this last region is the designated project area. The city of Sedhiou itself has approximately 22,000 inhabitants, with a total of 420,000 in the entire region, scattered about in numerous villages. The primary ethnic groups are: Mandinka, Balantes, Diolas, Fula, Creol, Diahankey, and Mancangne. The Mandinka group is culturally characterised by the presence of the Griot, a figure that promotes African culture and recounts its historical events with the help of a musical instrument called a Kora.
As in the rest of Senegal, there are two primary seasons in Sedhiou: the dry season, from November to May, and the rainy season, from June to October, with approximately 1000-1150 mm/year of rainfall. During the dry season temperatures vary between 33°C and 45°C. Due to the recent drought, agricultural and fishing activities have decreased considerably, thus affecting families’ food stability.
The most well-developed financial sector in Sédhiou is agriculture. The primary crops are: millet, corn, rice, sweet potatoes, manioc, peanuts, mango, oranges, cashews, papaya, lettuce, carrots, and tomatoes. Despite this variety of food resources, the lack of infrastructure prevents producers from being able to expand their markets. The healthcare system is wholly insufficient. In the entire Sedhiou region there is only one hospital with few operating rooms and relatively little specialised personnel. In the rest of the region heath and first aid centres are disconnected from each other. The healthcare system’s lack of organisation has a strong impact on child mortality (82%) and life expectancy (65 years) in the region. Poor hygiene is one of the primary causes of illness. Most of the population drinks water from non-purified and hand-constructed wells, with subsequent problems of dysentery and related illnesses.
Malaria is one of the most widespread diseases in the region. The illiteracy rate is about 50%, due in no small part to the lack of roads and transportation and to the low affordability of secondary schools. The subsoil is characterised by a reddish laterite stone and by alternating layers of white sand and clay. The primary forms of art in the region are music, dance, and dress making. There are also other minor activities related to artisan crafts.
The “Peace Pavilion” project in the city of Sedhiou aims to be a reference point for raising awareness among local and international communities, a space in which to promote and foster peace, a structure that is contemplative and multifunctional, capable of providing the region with an identity through the values of memory and solidarity.
The challenge is to design an architecture that commemorates the countless lives lost in Africa’s wars and that gives material shape to the significance of peace, with respect for the environment and for local traditions. Contestants will have to convey this theme through a unique and striking design that also integrates itself within the context, creating a structure that is destined to become a symbol of memory for the entire continent, capable of bringing humility and awareness to the landscape, both culturally and thematically.
The architecture will need to respect the following characteristics:
– Maximum area of the floor plan – 300 square meters;
– Maximum height allowed – 7 meters;
– Have three primary areas dedicated to exhibition, contemplation, and spreading awareness;
– Have a room dedicated to storage/study;
– Be committed to operating in an affordable and sustainable way;
– Favour the use of natural materials obtained from the surrounding areas and the potential reuse of scrap material;
– Incorporate the reuse and preservation of water resources;
– Optimise the building’s acoustics to favour the creation of quiet and contemplative spaces;
– Not exceed €15,000 in cost of materials
The three primary areas must perform the following functions:
– Exhibition. An area will be dedicated to hosting permanent or temporary artistic works that share the pavilion’s values and objectives. The pieces may be of any kind and any size.
– Contemplation. To remember and pay respect to the victims there must be an area dedicated to prayer and contemplation. People of all genders, cultures, and religions must be able to use the area, allowing everyone to meditate according to their own religious and cultural customs.
– Spreading Awareness. This area must house an exhibit that retraces and teaches the history of the conflicts, helping people to understand the causes through photographs and documents which are permanently on display, as well as through meetings and seminars.
The construction materials available on site or in the nearby area are: clay bricks (measuring on average 20x40x15cm), cement bricks (measuring on average 20x40x15cm), sheet metal, straw, irregular laterite stones, shells, sand, wood beams, wood planks, clay, palm leaves, and bamboo (limited availability). These materials can be imported from abroad or from large urban centres, with a subsequent increase in construction costs. The cost of the basic materials is provided in the attachments.
For the cost of materials not included on the list, one can refer to their average cost on the international market. All of the documentation necessary for the development of the project is available in the ‘download’ section of the website. All of the images are Copyright protected and can be used exclusively within the scope of this competition.
For more information go to official website www.kairalooro.com