Lake Chad is dying and if nothing is done, it will belong to the past. Hermann Kamte & Associates reveals their vision for the regeneration of the lake before its pronounced disappearance.
From the architect:
Today, it is a fact, several continental oceans are dying around the world, but in central Africa, the situation of Lake Chad is so critic; this Biome is dying every day. The Scientifics estimate its dead in this century if nothing is done. Remember, this ecosystem is one of the first settlement patterns of peoples in the Sahara, and its potential has been evaluated as one of the best cultivable area for food, as a humanity garret at the beginning of this own century. Not only assimilated as ecological catastrophe with the disappearance of biotopes, fauna and flora; it will also a human catastrophe which directly affects more than 9 million persons and 30 million indirectly in this region. 50 000 B.C., the lake covered two million square kilometres; in 1963 the Lake covers 25 000km2; 2001 its surface area shrinks to 4 000km2. Observing, the drying evolution the lake will be gone with the best part of the potential it can offer to our planet. In some years, there will also a drying desert at this place.
In 1964 the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) is created, one of its mission is to sustainably and equitably manage the Lake Chad and other shared water resources, also to preserve the ecosystems. The LCBC initiated many projects for the resurgence of Lake Chad few has been accomplished but the most part finish without any issue.
Is it too late? Will we let it dead forever? How the Lake Chad can be saved and regenerated? What is the future of the others dying Continentals Oceans?
Proposal: Limnology & Desalination Centre
Water is life. To save Lake Chad; a lot of actions will consist to regenerate it by the proposal of a Limnology and a Desalination Centre on the site. The Limnology Centre will be a self-sufficient with the mission to study the lake and its surroundings. At the same time, the Desalination Centre with its Pipelines will connect the Atlantic Ocean and Lake. Water from the ocean will be treated and redistributed as fresh water for people consumption and mineralised water to regenerate the Lake.
The design concept seems to an amphibian structure merge into the lake. The program can reveal complexity of the matter to solve. The goal is a design strategies that resolve some aberration encountered in this rude environment. Architecture and sites are in dialogue, creating tension between them. The saving solutions are phased in three parts. Between 2016 and 2026, the first stages will be at the same time, the study of the lake and the construction and the connection of the pipelines with the lake. In 2020, the second stage will be the start of greenness the lake surrounding with trees and low vegetation for agriculture. In 2080, the final stage will be the beginning of natural regeneration; pipelines will be stopped and woodland will take the relay of the lake regeneration. This design revealed the transition to a better world and makes it more evident. Not only as a simple design are these proposals emphasis on sustainability and preservation of our planet.
LOCATION: Lake Chad, Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria
ARCHITECTS: Hermann Kamte & Associates